Disease: Date Rape Drugs

    Date rape drugs facts*

    *Date Rape Facts by John P. Cunha, DO, FACOE

    • Date rape drugs are drugs used to assist in a sexual assault, which is any type of sexual activity a person does not agree to.
    • These drugs can affect you very quickly and cause victims to become weak, confused, and even pass out. You may not remember what happened while you were drugged. Date rape drugs can also cause seizures and even death.
    • The most common date rape drugs – also called "club drugs" - are flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), also called roofies; gamma hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), also called liquid ecstasy; and ketamine, also called Special K. These drugs may come as pills, liquids, or powders.
    • Alcohol may also be considered a date rape drug because it affects judgment and behavior and can be used to help commit sexual assault.
    • The club drug "ecstasy" (MDMA) has also been used to commit sexual assault.
    • Protect yourself by not accepting drinks from others, not sharing drinks, watching your drink, and having a non-drinking friend with you to make sure nothing happens.
    • If you suspect you have been exposed to a date rape drug or have been sexually assaulted, call 911 and get to an emergency room immediately.
    • Contact the National Sexual Assault Hotline at 1-800-656-HOPE if you need assistance.

    What are date rape drugs?

    These are drugs that are sometimes used to assist a sexual assault. Sexual assault is any type of sexual activity that a person does not agree to. It can include touching that is not okay; putting something into the vagina; sexual intercourse; rape; and attempted rape. These drugs are powerful and dangerous. They can be slipped into your drink when you are not looking. The drugs often have no color, smell, or taste, so you can't tell if you are being drugged. The drugs can make you become weak and confused -- or even pass out -- so that you are unable to refuse sex or defend yourself. If you are drugged, you might not remember what happened while you were drugged. Date rape drugs are used on both females and males.

    The three most common date rape drugs are:

    • Rohypnol (roh-HIP-nol). Rohypnol is the trade name for flunitrazepam (FLOO-neye-TRAZ-uh-pam). Abuse of two similar drugs appears to have replaced Rohypnol abuse in some parts of the United States. These are: clonazepam (marketed as Klonopin in the U.S. and Rivotril in Mexico) and alprazolam (marketed as Xanax). Rohypnol is also known as:
      • Circles
      • Forget Pill
      • LA Rochas
      • Lunch Money
      • Mexican Valium
      • Mind Erasers
      • Poor Man's Quaalude
      • R-2
      • Rib
      • Roach
      • Roach-2
      • Roches
      • Roofies
      • Roopies
      • Rope
      • Rophies
      • Ruffies
      • Trip-and-Fall
      • Whiteys

      Learn more about: Klonopin | Xanax | Valium

    • GHB, which is short for gamma hydroxybutyric (GAM-muh heye-DROX-ee-BYOO-tur-ihk) acid. GHB is also known as:
      • Bedtime Scoop
      • Cherry Meth
      • Easy Lay
      • Energy Drink
      • G
      • Gamma 10
      • Georgia Home Boy
      • G-Juice
      • Gook
      • Goop
      • Great Hormones
      • Grievous Bodily Harm (GBH)
      • Liquid E
      • Liquid Ecstasy
      • Liquid X
      • PM
      • Salt Water
      • Soap
      • Somatomax
      • Vita-G
    • Ketamine (KEET-uh-meen), also known as:
      • Black Hole
      • Bump
      • Cat Valium
      • Green
      • Jet
      • K
      • K-Hole
      • Kit Kat
      • Psychedelic Heroin
      • Purple
      • Special K
      • Super Acid

    These drugs also are known as "club drugs" because they tend to be used at dance clubs, concerts, and "raves."

    The term "date rape" is widely used. But most experts prefer the term "drug-facilitated sexual assault." These drugs also are used to help people commit other crimes, like robbery and physical assault. They are used on both men and women. The term "date rape" also can be misleading because the person who commits the crime might not be dating the victim. Rather, it could be an acquaintance or stranger.

    Are these drugs legal in the United States?

    Some of these drugs are legal when lawfully used for medical purposes. But that doesn't mean they are safe. These drugs are powerful and can hurt you. They should only be used under a doctor's care and order.

    • Rohypnol is NOT legal in the United States. It is legal in Europe and Mexico, where it is prescribed for sleep problems and to assist anesthesia before surgery. It is brought into the United States illegally.
    • Ketamine is legal in the United States for use as an anesthetic for humans and animals. It is mostly used on animals. Veterinary clinics are robbed for their ketamine supplies.
    • GHB was recently made legal in the United States to treat problems from narcolepsy (a sleep disorder). Distribution of GHB for this purpose is tightly restricted.

    Is alcohol a date rape drug? What about other drugs?

    Any drug that can affect judgment and behavior can put a person at risk for unwanted or risky sexual activity. Alcohol is one such drug. In fact, alcohol is the drug most commonly used to help commit sexual assault. When a person drinks too much alcohol:

    • It's harder to think clearly.
    • It's harder to set limits and make good choices.
    • It's harder to tell when a situation could be dangerous.
    • It's harder to say "no" to sexual advances.
    • It's harder to fight back if a sexual assault occurs.
    • It's possible to blackout and to have memory loss.

    The club drug "ecstasy" (MDMA) has been used to commit sexual assault. It can be slipped into someone's drink without the person's knowledge. Also, a person who willingly takes ecstasy is at greater risk of sexual assault. Ecstasy can make a person feel "lovey-dovey" towards others. It also can lower a person's ability to give reasoned consent. Once under the drug's influence, a person is less able to sense danger or to resist a sexual assault.

    Even if a victim of sexual assault drank alcohol or willingly took drugs, the victim is NOT at fault for being assaulted. You cannot "ask for it" or cause it to happen.

    What do the drugs look like?

    • Rohypnol comes as a pill that dissolves in liquids. Some are small, round, and white. Newer pills are oval and green-gray in color. When slipped into a drink, a dye in these new pills makes clear liquids turn bright blue and dark drinks turn cloudy. But this color change might be hard to see in a dark drink, like cola or dark beer, or in a dark room. Also, the pills with no dye are still available. The pills may be ground up into a powder.
    • GHB has a few forms: a liquid with no odor or color, white powder, and pill. It might give your drink a slightly salty taste. Mixing it with a sweet drink, such as fruit juice, can mask the salty taste.
    • Ketamine comes as a liquid and a white powder.

    What effects do these drugs have on the body?

    These drugs are very powerful. They can affect you very quickly and without your knowing. The length of time that the effects last varies. It depends on how much of the drug is taken and if the drug is mixed with other drugs or alcohol. Alcohol makes the drugs even stronger and can cause serious health problems -- even death.

    Rohypnol

    The effects of Rohypnol can be felt within 30 minutes of being drugged and can last for several hours. If you are drugged, you might look and act like someone who is drunk. You might have trouble standing. Your speech might be slurred. Or you might pass out. Rohypnol can cause these problems:

    • Muscle relaxation or loss of muscle control
    • Difficulty with motor movements
    • Drunk feeling
    • Problems talking
    • Nausea
    • Can't remember what happened while drugged
    • Loss of consciousness (black out)
    • Confusion
    • Problems seeing
    • Dizziness
    • Sleepiness
    • Lower blood pressure
    • Stomach problems
    • Death
    GHB

    GHB takes effect in about 15 minutes and can last 3 or 4 hours. It is very potent: A very small amount can have a big effect. So it's easy to overdose on GHB. Most GHB is made by people in home or street "labs." So, you don't know what's in it or how it will affect you. GHB can cause these problems:

    • Relaxation
    • Drowsiness
    • Dizziness
    • Nausea
    • Problems seeing
    • Loss of consciousness (black out)
    • Seizures
    • Can't remember what happened while drugged
    • Problems breathing
    • Tremors
    • Sweating
    • Vomiting
    • Slow heart rate
    • Dream-like feeling
    • Coma
    • Death
    Ketamine

    Ketamine is very fast-acting. You might be aware of what is happening to you, but unable to move. It also causes memory problems. Later, you might not be able to remember what happened while you were drugged. Ketamine can cause these problems:

    • Distorted perceptions of sight and sound
    • Lost sense of time and identity
    • Out of body experiences
    • Dream-like feeling
    • Feeling out of control
    • Impaired motor function
    • Problems breathing
    • Convulsions
    • Vomiting
    • Memory problems
    • Numbness
    • Loss of coordination
    • Aggressive or violent behavior
    • Depression
    • High blood pressure
    • Slurred speech

    Are these drugs legal in the United States?

    Some of these drugs are legal when lawfully used for medical purposes. But that doesn't mean they are safe. These drugs are powerful and can hurt you. They should only be used under a doctor's care and order.

    • Rohypnol is NOT legal in the United States. It is legal in Europe and Mexico, where it is prescribed for sleep problems and to assist anesthesia before surgery. It is brought into the United States illegally.
    • Ketamine is legal in the United States for use as an anesthetic for humans and animals. It is mostly used on animals. Veterinary clinics are robbed for their ketamine supplies.
    • GHB was recently made legal in the United States to treat problems from narcolepsy (a sleep disorder). Distribution of GHB for this purpose is tightly restricted.

    Is alcohol a date rape drug? What about other drugs?

    Any drug that can affect judgment and behavior can put a person at risk for unwanted or risky sexual activity. Alcohol is one such drug. In fact, alcohol is the drug most commonly used to help commit sexual assault. When a person drinks too much alcohol:

    • It's harder to think clearly.
    • It's harder to set limits and make good choices.
    • It's harder to tell when a situation could be dangerous.
    • It's harder to say "no" to sexual advances.
    • It's harder to fight back if a sexual assault occurs.
    • It's possible to blackout and to have memory loss.

    The club drug "ecstasy" (MDMA) has been used to commit sexual assault. It can be slipped into someone's drink without the person's knowledge. Also, a person who willingly takes ecstasy is at greater risk of sexual assault. Ecstasy can make a person feel "lovey-dovey" towards others. It also can lower a person's ability to give reasoned consent. Once under the drug's influence, a person is less able to sense danger or to resist a sexual assault.

    Even if a victim of sexual assault drank alcohol or willingly took drugs, the victim is NOT at fault for being assaulted. You cannot "ask for it" or cause it to happen.

    Source: http://www.rxlist.com

    Any drug that can affect judgment and behavior can put a person at risk for unwanted or risky sexual activity. Alcohol is one such drug. In fact, alcohol is the drug most commonly used to help commit sexual assault. When a person drinks too much alcohol:

    • It's harder to think clearly.
    • It's harder to set limits and make good choices.
    • It's harder to tell when a situation could be dangerous.
    • It's harder to say "no" to sexual advances.
    • It's harder to fight back if a sexual assault occurs.
    • It's possible to blackout and to have memory loss.

    The club drug "ecstasy" (MDMA) has been used to commit sexual assault. It can be slipped into someone's drink without the person's knowledge. Also, a person who willingly takes ecstasy is at greater risk of sexual assault. Ecstasy can make a person feel "lovey-dovey" towards others. It also can lower a person's ability to give reasoned consent. Once under the drug's influence, a person is less able to sense danger or to resist a sexual assault.

    Even if a victim of sexual assault drank alcohol or willingly took drugs, the victim is NOT at fault for being assaulted. You cannot "ask for it" or cause it to happen.

    Source: http://www.rxlist.com

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